Abraham Lincoln Biography
Abraham Lincoln, born on 12th February 1809 was the second child of Thomas Lincoln and his wife Nancy Lincoln. Originally from Virginia, his family moved to Jefferson County, Kentucky where his father became one of the richest men in the County but in 1816, he lost all his lands and wealth in court cases because of faculty property lines and was forced to abandon the place. He started a new life with his family in Perry County, Indiana.
An avid reader, Abraham Lincoln was mostly self educated and moved with a reputation of brawn and audacity. At the age of 22, desiring a better life, this ambitious man went in the village of New Salem in Sangamon County and was hired by New Salem businessman Denton Offutt to take goods by flatboat from New Salem to New Orleans but the slavery prevalent at this place made him return to his home.
His first love, Ann Rutledge died early due to typhoid fever and he became engaged to Mary Todd and married her on 4th November 1842. Their fist son, Robert Todd Lincoln was born in 1843 and the second child Edward Baker Lincoln in 1846 but died in 1850 of tuberculosis. The third son Willie Lincoln was born in 1850 and died in 1862. Thomas Tad Lincoln, the fourth child was born in 1853 and died of heart failure in 1871.
At the age of 23, Abraham Lincoln bought a small general store on credit with a partner in New Salem but the difficult business and struggling economy compelled him to sell his share. His political and the most successful career started in 1832 with his campaign for the Illinois General Assembly. Lack of education or friends didn’t stop him from gathering a fan following and drawing crowds.
His other job as a postmaster and county surveyor were brief and he developed an interest in law. He started reading several law books. He won in his second campaign and moved to Illinois to practice law after being admitted to the bar. He became a successful lawyer and partnered with Stephen T. Logan. He also followed Henry Clay in supporting the American Colonization society program of making the abolition of slavery practical by helping free slaves to settle in Liberia.
In 1846, he was elected to the US House of Representatives and wrote a bill to abolish slavery in Columbia. In 1860, the Illinois Republican state convection was held and Lincoln’s supporters organized a campaign team. He was eventually elected the 16th president of the United States on November 6, 1860.
The commander of Fort Sumter sent a request for provisions to Washington and Lincoln’s order to meet that request was seen by the secessionists as an act of war. In 1861, the confederates thus began the war. Holding the power of the Commander-in-chief, Lincoln imposed a blockade on all confederate shipping ports realizing the seriousness of the situation. He thus, prevented British recognition of the confederacy by skillfully handling the Trent Affair.
In the 1864 re-elections, the 16th president was re-elected, carrying all but three states. His last day came on April 15, 1865 when he was assassinated by confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth. He was the greatest President of United States who put an end to slavery and promoted economic and financial modernization.