Biography – Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was born in 1889. He was the first prime minister of India and also the chief architect of domestic and foreign policies which was between 1947 and 1964. His family name is Kashmiri Brahman and went to Oxford. Jawaharlal Nehru was an ardent nationalist in politics, he was a pragmatic socialist I ideology and ever does not connected with spiritual or religious matters. Jawaharlal Nehru was full of vision, intellect and has personal charisma which makes him have back up in India.
Jawaharlal Nehru’s gratitude for being elected to make and change the laws of his country through democracy in addition to his interests for the needy and less privilege people give him power to create policies that usually indicates his socialist supports. Being congress president and prime minister, he was able to move through the parliament of India that is full of his party member and some set of legal reforms that are thinking to set free the Hindu women and make them equal with other women.
Jawaharlal Nehru reforms are shifting the least marriage age to 15, given women the ability to divorce their husbands and take control over the property and putting an end to illegal and devastating dowry system. The possibility of trouble by making the violence greater and the possibility of red revolution over the country appeared intimidating to the population growth of the country, joblessness, and irregularities in economy.
Jawaharlal Nehru persuaded the parliament to send some laws that will and the absentee landlordism and given titles to land based on the real cultivators that can keep the document of their legal claim of their act of living on the land. The central planning commission follows this directive by awarding materials such as steel plants and hydroelectric projects to big and reputable industries and also to make the cottage industries active. By so doing, different types of complicated industries are found all over the country either the one manufacturing the defense materials that are socially important or producing daily consumable products.
The appearance of all these industries is followed with the great research on science, universities teaching, technological institutes and research centers. Jawaharlal Nehru was able to show huge strong feelings of excitement and interesting for moral leadership in India in Asia where they just got independent and also in African nations where there is cold war and nuclear weapons trouble.
Jawaharlal Nehru principles were basically on internationalism, nationalism, nonalignment and anti-colonialism. He was able to reach the level of international prestige in his first 10 years in office. In 1956, when Hungary was invaded by Soviet and New Delhi moved closer to Moscow, he was criticized due to his inconsistency and he could not work very well within the Pakistan. He tried all effort to relate with China based on his principles mentioned earlier but was started in 1962; Jawaharlal Nehru was not a trained leader in war and never make any preparation of defense to its borders. Therefore this led to India’s prestige and their self esteem to be badly affected. By so doing, Jawaharlal Nehru was physically and mentally affected and was badly affected with stroke and died on May 1964.