Biography – Indian Entrepreneur – JRD Tata

Born: July 29, 1904

Died: on November 29, 1993

Biography - JRD Tata

Childhood – JRD Tata was born on July 29, 1904 in Paris to a Parsi family. His complete name was Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata. He inherited his business wisdom from his father and great-great grandfather Ervad Jamsheed Tata. He received his education in France, Japan and England. He served in French army for a mandatory one-year period. In 1925, he joined Tata & Sons as an unpaid apprentice. He was very fond of flying and he became the first Indian to pass the pilot’s examination in 1929. He was instrumental in the formation of Tata Aviation Service in 1932.

Work Life – JRD was elected as the Chairman of Tata & Sons in 1938. There were 14 enterprises under Tata when JRD took over as the chairman and when he left in 1988 Tata & Sons was a group of 95 enterprises. He was a phenomenal leader and he also served as the trustee of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust from its inception in 1932. This trust had established Asia’s first cancer hospital known as the Tata Memorial Centre for Cancer, Research and Treatment at Mumbai in 1941. Apart from it, the trust also established Tata Institute of Social Sciences (1936), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1945) (TIFR), as well as the National Centre for Performing Arts.

Achievements – JRD Tata served as the chairman of Tata & Sons for period of 50 years. He had expanded the Tata & Sons business to new horizons and achieved many milestones in his journey. He was credited with the launching of Air India International as being the first international airline of India. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1992. He is regarded as one of the most enterprising Indian entrepreneurs and his vision had led to the formation of one of the largest industrial houses of India.

JRD Tata was awarded with numerous prizes and awards throughout his life. His notable awards include Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Guggenheim Medal for aviation, United Nations Population Award and many others.