Biography – Indian Scientists – Vikram Sarabhai

Born: August 12, 1919

Died: December 31,1971

Vikram Sarabhai Vikram Sarabhai was the pioneering Indian scientist and was regarded as the Father of the Indian Space program. He was responsible for establishing the Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) in November 1947 in Ahmedabad. He worked as the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and was instrumental in the creation of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. He is considered as the greatest scientists of India and father of the Indian space program..

Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was born in an affluent family of industrialists in Ahmedabad. He got his early education in a private school. After completing his matriculation, Vikram Sarabhai moved to Cambridge for his pursuing further college education and got the tripods degree from St. John’s College in 1940. He worked as a research scholar at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore under CV Raman. His areas of interest include solar physics and cosmic rays. He played a major role in setting up of numerous observation stations across the country. He completed his Ph.D in 1947 from Cambridge University.

Vikram Sarabhai did research on the various areas of solar and interplanetary Physics. One of the most prominent ventures of Sarabhai was the Indian program for the as it exposed him to the new vistas of space science. This has led him to form Indian National Committee for Space Research and he became chairman of the committee. Vikram Sarabhai set up the first Rocket Launching station near Thiruvananthapuram on the Arabian Coast as it is close to the Equator. On November 21, 1963, the first rocket was launched from the space station and TERLS was recognised as an international facility.

The pioneering work on space science and research done by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai earned him Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal in 1962 and Padma Bhushan in 1966.