Biography – Indian Scientists – C.V. Raman

Born: November 7, 1888

Died: November 21, 1970

C.V. Raman CV Raman was the first Indian scientist to receive Noble Prize for Physics in 1930 for his pioneering work related to the scattering of light. His complete name was Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. He was born in Tiruchinapalli, Tamil Nadu as a second child of his parents Chandrasekhar Iyer and Parvathi Amma. He got the studious environment at home as his father was the lecturer in mathematics and physics. He studied from the Presidency College, Madras, in 1902, and passed his B.A. examination in 1904. He was awarded the gold medal in physics. C.V. Raman passed his M.A. in 1907 with high distinction.

At that time when CV Raman completed his studies, there were not many opportunities available for scientists in India. In 1907, after passing MA, CV Raman joined the Indian Finance Department. He carried out many experiments in the lab of Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science at Calcutta after his office hours. His areas of research include the acoustics and optics. Raman got the position of Physics Professor at Calcutta University where he stayed for the next fifteen years. His work got the world wide recognition in optics and scattering of light.

His pioneering work resulted in him becoming the member of Royal Society of London in 1924. He was awarded with the knight of the British Empire in 1929 by Britishers. His work fetched him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his work on scattering of light. His work was given the name of “Raman Effect”.

C.V. Raman worked as the director and Physics professor at the Indian Institute of Sciences in Bangalore for two years. Some of the pioneering works of CV Raman include experimental and theoretical studies on the light diffraction by acoustic waves of hypersonic and ultrasonic frequencies. He also studied the effects produced by X-rays in crystals exposed to ordinary light on infrared vibrations. He established the Raman Research Institute after independence in Bangalore.